While it is increasingly clear that adult obesity begins in childhood, preventing this condition is a major challenge for the pediatrician. Adult Obesity: A Paediatric Challenge highlights the causes and consequences of obesity, bringing a modern understanding to the treatment of a heavily stigmatized problem. This collection of essays, based on presentations made at a national symposium on obesity, focuses on managing the condition and its outcomes. World renowned authors offer a wide-ranging perspective of obesity as a global problem and explore its devastating metabolic, social, and political impact. Clarifying a number of important issues, this compilation provides answers to many of the questions surrounding this dangerous condition. It offers sound advice on confronting obesity and conveys the urgency that this problem demands and deserves.
Discrimination impacts most youth at some point. Almost all children and adolescents belong to at least one stigmatized group, whether they are a Black or Latino boy in school; an immigrant or refugee; a gay, lesbian, or bisexual teen; or a girl in physics class. Discrimination on the basis of race/ethnicity, immigration status, gender, sexual orientation, and gender identity can have long-term academic, psychological, and social repercussions, especially when it is directed at a cognitively developing child or an emotionally vulnerable adolescent. How children and adolescents are impacted by this discrimination depends on their cognitive ability to perceive the bias, the context in which the bias occurs, and resources they have to help cope with the bias.
This book details, synthesizes, and analyzes the perception and impact of discrimination in childhood and adolescence across multiple stigmatized social groups to help us better understand the complex phenomenon of discrimination and its long-term consequences. By looking at the similarities and differences in discrimination across all social groups, we can more fully understand its mechanisms of influence. Before we can fully address the persistent achievement gap between White and ethnic minority children, the high rates of suicidal thoughts among LGBT youth, and the underrepresentation of girls in STEM careers, we must first examine the ways in which discrimination influences and is understood by children, with their unique cognitive constraints and within the specific contexts in which they live.
Twentieth century Europe went through a dramatic transition from low income populations experiencing hunger and nutritionally inadequate diets, to the recent era of over-consumption and growing numbers of overweight and obese people. By examining the trends in food history from case studies across Europe, this book offers a historical context to explain how and why this transition has occurred and what we can learn in order to try and address the vitally important issues arising from obesity in contemporary Europe.
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